Investment and Translanguaging: A Case of Nepalese Immigrant Women in Michigan

Hima Rawal


This research study investigated the learning and use of English by Nepali immigrantwomen from two theoretical perspectives: investment and translingualism. The researchquestions addressed what sort of investment the participants were making to learn English andto see how they used different translingual practices to co-construct their identity with both thetarget language and other transnational communities. Data were collected throughquestionnaires, observations, interviews, journal writings, and Facebook group chats. The keyfindings are that the Nepali immigrant women are not only motivated to improve their Englishbut are also highly invested in doing so. They adopt different translingual negotiation strategiesfor the purpose of meaning-making among linguistically diverse groups of multilingual speakers.The study is significant for those connected to ESL classrooms composed of adult immigrants, asthese immigrants constitute a substantial proportion of the US population.

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