Michigan State University
Michigan State University
Second Language Studies
Eye-Tracking Lab
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Eye-Tracking Labs

The SLS program currently has two eye-tracking labs. The labs were launched in 2009 to provide broader opportunities for faculty and graduate students to carry out in-depth research on cognitive and psycholinguistic processes in SLA. Presently, one lab is equipped with an SR Research Ltd. Eyelink 1000 eye-tracking system (with three mount types), and the other lab is equipped with a Tobii TX300 TSE with E-Prime 2.0 extensions. 

Recent projects include:

  • Learners’ use of morphosyntactic and morphophonological information in L2 sentence processing
  • Attention and incidental vocabulary learning in L2 Arabic
  • Attention and awareness in relation to L2 input enhancement
  • NP-of-NP ambiguity resolution in Korean
  • Explicit and implicit processing

People: 
Tobii Lab:
Faculty contact:
Paula Winke
Eyelink Lab: 
Faculty contact: Aline Godfroid

Laura Ballard (in progress) --Tobii TX300
The effects of primacy on rater cognition: An eye-tracking study
Dissertation committee: Paula Winke (Chair), Susan Gass, Aline Godfroid, Dorry Mann Kenyon (Center for Applied Linguistics)
Email: ballar94@msu.edu

Roman Chepyshko --Tobii TX300
Title: Locative verbs in L2 learning
Dissertation committee: Bill VanPatten (chair), Paula Winke, Aline Godfroid, Susan Gass
Email: chepyshk@msu.edu

Ina Choi (in progress) --EyeLink 1000
Incidental and intentional L2 vocabulary learning: Are they different?
Dissertation committee: Aline Godfroid (Chair), Susan Gass, Charlene Polio, Paula Winke
Email: choiina1@msu.edu

Sehoon Jung (in progress) --Eyelink 1000
L2 processing of long distance filler-gap dependency constructions in English: The effects of age and working memory
Dissertation Committee: Patti Spinner (Chair), Susan Gass, Aline Godfroid, Paula Winke
Email: jungse@msu.edu

Jens Schmidtke (2015) --Tobii TX300
Speech perception in bilingual and monolingual speakers under normal and adverse listening conditions
Dissertation committee: Aline Godfroid (Chair), Laura Dilley (Communicative Sciences and Disorders), Debra Hardison, Paula Winke
Email: schmi474@msu.edu

Ayman Mohamed (2015) --EyeLink 1000
The roles of context and repetition in incidental vocabulary acquisition from second langauge reading: An eye movement study Dissertation committee: Aline Godfroid (Chair), Susan Gass, Charlene Polio, Paula Winke
Email: mohame44@msu.edu

Hyojung Lim (2014) --Tobii TX300
Exploring the validity evidence of the TOEFL iBT reading test from a cognitive perspective
Dissertation committee: Paula Winke (Chair), Susan Gass, Daniel Reed, Patricia Spinner, and Aline Godfroid
Email: hyojunglim.sls@gmail.com

Maren Schierloh Uggen (2011) --EyeLink 1000
Attention to irregular verbs by beginning learners of German: An eye-movement study
Dissertation committee: Aline Godfroid (Co-Chair), Paula Winke (Co-Chair), Debra Hardison, Susan Gass
Email: maren.uggen@kzoo.edu

2015

Godfroid, A., Loewen, S., Jung, S., Park, J., Gass, S., & Ellis, R. (2015). Timed and untimed grammaticality judgments measure distinct types of knowledge: Evidence from eye-movement patterns. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 37(2), 269-297.

Godfroid, A. & Spino, L. (2015). Reconceptualizing reactivity of think-alouds and eye-tracking: Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence. Language Learning, 65(4), 896-928.

Godfroid, A., & Spino, L. (2015). Under the radar: Triangulating think-alouds and finger tracking to detect the unnoticed. In A. Mackey & E. Marsden (Eds.), Advancing methodology and practice: The IRIS repository of instruments for research into second languages(pp. 73-90).New York: Routledge.

Godfroid, A., & Winke, P. (2015). Investigating implicit and explicit processing using L2 learners' eye-movement data. In P. Rebuschat (Ed.), Implicit and explicit learning of languages (pp. 73-90). Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins.

Winke, P. & Lim, H. (2015). ESL essay raters' cognitive processes in applying the Jacobs et al. rubric: An eye-movement study. Assessing Writing, 25, 37-53.

2014

Schmidtke, J. (2014). Second language experience modulates word retrieval effort in bilinguals: Evidence from pupillometry. Frontiers in Psychology, 21 Feb. http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00137

2013

Godfroid, A. & Schmidtke, J. (2013). What do eye movements tell us about awareness? A triangulation of eye-movement data, verbal reports and vocabulary learning scores. In: J. M. Bergsleithner, S. Frota & J. K. Yoshioka (Eds.), Noticing and second language acquisition: Studies in honor of Dick Schmidt (pp. 183-205). Honolulu, HI: University of Hawai'i, National Foreign Language Resource Center.

Godfroid, A., Boers, F., & Housen, A. (2013). An eye for words: Gauging the role of attention in incidental L2 vocabulary acquisition by means of eye tracking. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 35(3), 483-517.

Godfroid, A. & Uggen, M. S. (2013). Attention to irregular verbs by beginning learners of German- An eye movement study. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 35(2), 291-322.

Godfroid, A., Winke, P., & Gass, S. (Eds.) (2013). Thematic issues of eye tracking in second language acquistion research. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 35(2).

Spinner, P., Gass, S., & Behney, J. (2013). Coming eye-to-eye with noticing. In J. M. Bergsleithner, S. N. Frota, & J. K. Yoshioka, (Eds.), Noticing in second language acquisition: Studies in honor of Dick Schmidt (pp. 235-254). Honolulu, HI: University of Hawai'i, National Foreign Language Resource Center.

Spinner, P., Gass, S., & Behney, J. (2013). Ecological validity in eye-tracking research: An empirical study. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 35, 389-415.

Winke, P., Gass, S. & Sydorenko, T. (2013). Factors influencing the use of captions by foreign language learners: An eye-tracking study. The Modern Language Journal, 97(1), 254-275.

Winke, P. (2013). The effects of input enhancement on grammar learning and comprehension: A modified replication of Lee, 2007, with eye-movement data. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 3(2), 323-352.

Winke, P. (2013). Eye-tracking technology for reading. In A. J. Kunnan (Ed.), The companion to language assessment (pp. 1029-1046). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell.

2012

Godfroid, A. (2012). Eye tracking. In P. Robinson (Ed.), Routledge encyclopedia of second language acquisition. New York: Routledge.

2016

Winke, P. (2016, January). Using eye-tracking to investigate the cognitive validity of various language assessment practices. Paper to the Psycholinguistics Group at University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

2015

Ahn, J., Ballard, L., Choi, I., Cui, Y., Johnston, S., Lee, S., Yoon, H., & Godfroid, A. (2015, October). Incidental vocabulary learning from novel-reading: An eye-tracking study. Paper to the Second Language Research Forum, Atlanta, GA.

Winke, P. (2015, October). Investigations into language assessment using eye tracking methods. Plenary at the East Coast Organization of Language Testers (ECOLT), Washington, DC.

Godfroid, A. (2015, September). Eye movements during task-based performance: What have we learned? [Colloquium discussant]. Paper at the Conference on Task-Based Language Teaching, Leuven, Belgium.

Godfroid, A. (2015, June). Using eye-tracking to investigate questions about implicit and explicit learning/knowledge. Three-hour workshop at the Symposium on New Directions in Implicit and Explicit Language Learning, Lancaster, UK.

Ballard, L. & Lee, S. (2015, July). Young Learners and Computerized Assessment: An Eye-tracking Study. Invited talk at the Center for Applied Linguistics, Washington, D.C.

Ballard, L. & Lee, S. (2015, March). How young children respond to online reading and speaking test tasks: the computerization of TOEFL primary reading and speaking tasks. Paper presented at the Language Testing Research Colloquium (LTRC), Toronto, Cananda.

Gass, S. (2015, November). Captions: Why and how are they useful in teaching listening skills?. Asia TEFL International Conference, Nanjing, China.

Gass, S. (2015, March). From Classroom to Theory and Back Again: A look at the role of captions. Language in Focus Conference, Capadocia, Turkey.

Gass, S. (2015, November). Should we or should we not use captions? Beijing Normal University.

Gass, S., Winke, P, & Ahn, I. (2015, March). Testing the dual processing theory in the context of captions: An eye tracking study. Paper presentation at the American Association of Applied Linguistics (AAAL) conference, Toronto, Canada.

Godfroid, A. (2015). Learning vocabulary through extended reading: An eye-tracking study. Plenary talk at the International Conference on Cognitive Research on Translation and Interpreting, Macau, China, November 2015.

Winke, P., Lee, S., Walter, D., Weyant, K., Thirakunkovit, S, & Yan, X. (2015, March). What does the Cloze test really test? A replication with eye-tracking data. Paper presentation at the Language Testing Research Colloquium (LTRC), Toronto, Canada.

Winke, P. (2015, October). Investigations into language assessment using eye-tracking methods. Invited plenary address at the East Coast Organization of Language Testers (ECOLT) conference, Washington, DC.

2014

Godfroid, A., Loewen, S., Jung, S., Park, J., Gass, S., & Ellis, R. (2014, September). Construct validity of grammaticality judgment tests: An eye-tracking perspective. Paper to the European Second Language Association, York.

Winke, P. (2014, June). Why multiple-choice and constructed-response listening test items are difficult. Paper presentation in the colloquium Critical issues in assessing L2 listening ability: Construct and consequential validity at the Language Testing Research Colloquium, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

2013

Godfroid, A. (2013). From absence of evidence to evidence of absence: The effects of think-alouds and eye-tracking on thought processes. Paper to the Psycholinguistics Group at University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, November 2013.

Godfroid, A. (2013). Do adult second language learners teach themselves? Evidence from eye movements and verbal reports. Paper at the Linguistics Colloquium at Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, January 2013.

Winke, P. (2013, September). Eye-tracking methods for L2 testing research. Two three-hour preconference workshops before the Midwest Association of Language Testers annual meeting at Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI.

2012

Godfroid, A. (2012). The roles of attention and awareness in second language acquisition: New methodological perspectives. Paper at the Symposium of Second Language Acquisition at the University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, December 2012.

Housen, A., Godfroid, A., & Boers, F. (2012). Re(de)fining the construct of noticing. The role and nature of attention and awareness in SLA. Paper to the Department of Linguistics Speaker Series, Georgetown, Washington, DC, March 2012.

2010

Loewen, S., Inceoglu, S., & Winke, P. (2010, October). Using eye-tracking to investigate input enhancement. Paper presented at the Second Language Research Forum, College Park, MD.

Sydorenko, T., & Winke, P. (2010, October). Methodological constraints and information on purchasing eye tracking equipment. Paper presented at the Second Language Research Forum, College Park, MD.

Winke, P., Gass, S., & Sydorenko, T. (2010, March). The use of captions during video-based listening tasks by learners of Arabic, Chinese, Russian and Spanish: An eye-tracking study. Paper presented at the American Association for Applied Linguistics conference, Atlanta, GA.